Orthopedic Procedures: Knee
Beacon Hospital’s offers an extensive knee service in our Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Centre.
Knee injuries can involve trauma to one or more tissues which make up the knee joint. These include ligaments, tendons, bones, cartilage and muscles. Common injuries include sprains, tears, dislocations and fractures.
Common sports injuries to the knee area include ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tears and meniscus tears. Most knee injuries require immediate medical care and can often require surgical intervention.
Common Knee Procedures
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Repair
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair is surgery to replace a torn anterior cruciate ligament. These ligaments injuries most commonly occur during sports which involve sudden stops and changes in direction. During this procedure, the torn ligament is removed and replaced with a piece of tendon from another part of your knee. The surgery involves the surgeon making small incisions around your knee.
A Bakers cyst is a fluid-filled cyst which cause a bulge beneath the skin and a feeling of tightness behind the knee. Pain resulting from this will get worse when you flex or extend your knee or when you’re active.
In some cases, a Bakers Cyst may cause absolutely no pain, but only a swelling behind the knee and sometimes in your leg. In some people, it can involve knee pain which may get worse during prolonged periods of standing.
During this procedure, your consultant will remove the cyst to eliminate the tightness, swelling and pain it has been causing.
Knee arthroscopy is a surgical technique that can diagnose and treat problems in your knee joint. During the procedure, your surgeon will make a very small incision and insert a tiny camera, called an arthroscope, into your knee. This procedure can be used to treat problems such as a torn meniscus or a misaligned patella.
A Knee Arthroplasty, also known as Knee Replacement, is a surgical procedure to resurface a knee damaged by arthritis. Metal and plastic parts are used to cap the ends of the bones that form the knee joint, along with the kneecap. This surgery is used for someone who has arthritis in the knee or a severe knee injury.
Knee manipulation is a procedure used to treat knee stiffness and decreased range of motion. After trauma or knee surgery, scar tissue can form in and around your joint. No incisions are required for this procedure. Your surgeon will position your leg in several different ways and apply pressure to break up the excess tissue. The surgeon will flex and extend the leg to maximum range.
Total Knee Replacement
The most common reason for Knee Replacement Surgery is Osteoarthritis. This condition refers to the protective cartilage in the knee being worn out, resulting in the thigh bone and shin bone rubbing together. It simply means that you cannot move your knee in the same way as you once did.
During a total knee replacement, your surgeon will replace your knee joint and knee cap with metal and plastic parts. This can eliminate the patient’s knee pain and restore quality of life.