The spine is one of the most common sites of metastasis. Vertebral bodies involved by the tumour may become painful and may eventually fracture. Surgical intervention with reconstruction of the spinal column is indicated only if the tumour causes compression of the spinal cord or instability of the spine. Vertebroplasty is an outpatient procedure performed using conscious sedation. An Interventional Radiologist inserts a needle through a small incision in the back, directing it under fluoroscopy (continuous, moving X-ray imaging) into the fractured vertebra. The physician then injects a medical-grade bone cement into the vertebra. The cement hardens within about 15 minutes and stabilises the fracture. This treatment reduces pain, prevents further collapse of the vertebra, and restores mobility. Vertebroplasty dramatically improves back pain within hours of the procedure, provides long-term pain relief and has a low complication rate, as demonstrated in multiple studies.
|Bone cement is injected to stabilise collapsed bones in the spine and relieve pain.|